Week 7 HACKERS, PIRATES, SOPA & PIPA

While doing my reading for the last and final blog I found out many new things I didn’t know about a lot of laws that trying to be pass. I didn’t know how serious a lot of people are taking these things serious. Reading about these articles made me want to dig deeper. As a society today we never know what is really going on. We are so busy believing what the media is telling us that we forget to do research and find out the facts for ourselves.

In the Technical examination of SOPA and Protect IP it talks about how the internet will be broken into two different Internet sites. It will be the Domestic Internet Site that have a domestic IP address. It has a romaine registered or assigned by a register or other authority located in the United States. The website will have the address of .com, .org, and .us. The other site would be a Foreign internet site. These sites are foreign site that are not within the United States. With this act people will monitor computer to make sure that no one is committing a piracy act. The IP and SOPA people are not going be happy with this act. This is suppose to make it harder for people to pirate movies and other things on the internet.

In the SOPA article it talks about how they want to boycott companies who support the SOPA put some of the companies out of business. The author main goal is to have people write in to these companies and express to them that they will no longer support them or buy anything from them if they support this act. The SOPA act is to “Stop Online Piracy Act”. I truly believe if a lot of people get together this can be something that is succeeded.

In the Year Anonymous Took on Cops, Dictators and Existenital Dread. They are a group of people who go after people who hack into codes and computers. In the year thatMohamed Bouazizi was attack by the police in Sidi that’s when Anonymous came out to let the people know you are being watch by your government. You should stand up for justice and what you believe in. Make sure you are not arrested by fight for your believes with words instead of action. The Anonymous group all dress the same and made sure that they all look alike so they identity was not shown.

Week 7- SOPA and PIPA

After reading articles, watching YouTube posts, getting feedback from friends, and gaining information from other sources I have seen a variety of views regarding (mostly) SOPA but also PIPA (PROTECT IP Act) and Anonymous. Many American citizens are all up in arms about the Stop Online Piracy Act (SOPA). The point of the SOPA bill is to put every person who ever posted or streamed ‘intellectual property or counterfeit goods’ in jail for a maximum penalty of 5 years. PROTECT IP Act (PIPA) has a similar goal, to hire about 50 special agents to track people down who are managing websites that offer counterfeit goods.

Many companies such as National Basketball Association, LOreal, MasterCard Worldwide, Nike, Disney, and many others have taken a stand to show their support for the bill. This did not help the public opinion of the companies or SOPA. With an out raged public and boycotts being planned for a whole list of companies, is it really possible for these mega billion dollar companies to get the message? These companies have nothing to lose but the people that support them do. That is why people are going crazy over this bill.

In response to the uproar of opinions, Wikipedia sided with the public and made a drastic move. For 24 hours from January 18th to 19th, the online resource blacked out all of their articles. In place of their article that was being searched for a message was prompted, “imagine a world without free knowledge”. This was believed to get the attention of about 160 million people, which is about half of the US population. This is a major ramification to the web, if SOPA passes; think of all the free sources available today that will be lost.

Week 7: SOPA/PIPA

SOPA, or the “Stop Online Piracy Act” refers to websites ending in ‘.com’ and ‘.org’, so some examples include facebook.com or tumblr.com, two very prominent leading websites for most anyone to vocalize themselves. Although this deals with what’s called a domestic site, it can deal with foreign sites, too. Protect IP is a little different than SOPA in it’s authoritative powers. For example, SOPA deals with U.S. sites and “copyright infringement,” whereas Protect IP deals with copyright counterfeit; it deals with the activities of the site.. Although these things seem interchangeable, we can think of each of these terms as having very fine lines and very fragile boarders. In the article “I Hope SOPA Passes,” the author makes a very blunt and interesting idea; “it doesn’t address any problems, only the symptom.” Although the author means this in the context referring to people who think that doing slight things will make a huge impact, I think that, in a way, it can also refer to piracy as a whole. Online piracy is a serious issue, and one SOPA/PIPA came along, any felt threatened and concerned that their “voices” on the internet would be taken away. This was something taken for granted, until threaten to be taken away. Once it was threaten, people jumped at the chance to help the cause. The “symptoms” were that people simply did not think about their “voice” on the internet or piracy until it became and issue. Anonymous is another great figure in internet protection. Fighting for their rights to a voice, they use their power to actually do something about SOPA and Protect IP. They deal largely with the political circumstances of the campaign, dealing almost directly with legislators and the public. I think some ramifications of movements such as these and threats such as SOPA are that people may get anxious about what they post on the internet and if it will be censored. We have our voices, and we want to keep them. But how can we do so without stifling creativity and pure enjoyment of the internet?

Week 7 SOPA/PIPA/ANONYMOUS

SOPA is an acronym for House of representatives bill called Stop Online Piracy Act and PIPA, House of the Senate bill which stands for Protect Intellectual Property Act. Both are lobbyist bill acts that aim to shut down blogs and web sites from pirating music and movies. Anonymous Act would ban all anonymous internet postings; they are a hacktavist group which claims responsibility for these and other SOPA blackouts. The technology and political circumstances that have intersected giving these issues prominence is over flooding number of websites that offers free music and movies without the permission of the artists who created it. These websites are very prominent because people can watch all the latest movies without spending $9.00 minimum at a movie theatre for a particular movie and likewise is true for music; without having to spend $15.00 on a CD. If the above motioned bills pass, they would give the government broad powers to take down websites, seize domains and compel search engines from indexing these properties. Little more than a request from copyright holders is necessary. It’s essentially guilty-until-proven-innocent legislation that would punish the many for the sins of the few (Wilcox) and further would diminish the free flow of information and likewise diminish internet as we know it today. The White House does not support this legislation and released the following statement: “While we believe that online piracy by foreign websites is a serious problem that requires a serious legislative response, we will not support legislation that reduces freedom of expression, increases cybersecurity risk, or undermines the dynamic, innovative global Internet.”

Blog #7- Anonymous, SOPA, and PIPA

SOPA is also known as the Stop Online Piracy Act. This bill applies to domestic internet sites. PROTECT IP (PIPA) stands for Preventing Real Online Threats to Economic Creativity and Theft of Intellectual Property Act of 2011. This bill applies to foreign internet sites, or basically a site that does not use a domestic domain name. These were brought about because there has been an increasing amount of copyright infringement and piracy on the internet and the government is trying to enforce copyright infringement laws to stop the piracy. These two bills give power to the Attorney General to obtain a court order to take action against a foreign infringing site when the sites are involved in copyright infringement or counterfeit products. Orders would be sent out to remove all links to the foreign site from search engines and U.S. sites. In addition, there could be no more transactions occurring between the site and U.S. customers and customers would be blocked from visiting the site. Sites would have to sensor links to entire domains but this will not be able to completely end piracy. This is because it causes increased restrictions against foreign sites but it does not do anything to stop the actual infringement that is occurring. Even if these bills are passed, I believe that piracy will still exist. A group of people who are part of a culture known as Anonymous had quite the reaction to the proposals to strengthen Intellectual Property laws. They organized attacks on government and business sites by hacking into their sites and destroying their servers. This is an example of how the mentioned bills will not completely stop piracy.

Week 7 – Hackers and Legislation

Today’s political sphere has been quite attentive to the issues concerning the internet. Recently, Congress has been introducing legislation designed (in their eyes) to make the internet safer to use and more secure. Of course, with almost anything that comes from politics, the policies don’t really do what they are advertised to do.

SOPA (the Stop Online Piracy Act) is designed to tighten regulations on usage of copyrighted materials by expanding the power of US law enforcement. What this does, however, isn’t really protect anyone’s rights. What it does do is stifle citizen’s free speech rights. It is highly unlikely any large amount of piracy would be prevented by this act. The people truly affected are those that stream things over the internet, such as games. They are not doing any harm, and recently games have been amending their usage policy to allow the streaming of their games. In their eyes, it is free advertising that does not detract from any revenues they may receive (and in fact probably increases them). This Act did not pass.

PIPA (the Protect IP Act) is a proposed act that also tightens internet regulations around piracy by allowing people who believe their content is being pirated to “censor” the material. By this I mean, they are allowed to block links to copyrighted material. They don’t actually remove the copyrighted material. As the first reading indicates, this truly destroys community based sites such as reddit (as the entire site is simply links to other sites). This also has not passed as of today.

Anonymous is a hacker group that has been dubbed the term “hacktivist” as there actions, while often malicious, are designed to prove a point rather than cause harm. They have been known to defend sites such as megaupload and The Pirate Bay, which are two very commonly used file sharing websites. Neither of which are used primarily to distribute things legally. Both of these sites were shut down at some point or another, which prompted Anonymous retaliation.

Basically, these three terms show the relevance of copyright laws in today’s society. It is one of the most important domestic disputes, but does not seem to receive too much attention in the political sphere. I think this is a mistake. Sure, our economy is not doing the best. But I believe some amount of public discourse should focus on this issue, so that groups don’t have to take it into their own hands to get attention.

Week 7: SOPA PIPA

With the extreme availability of the internet, and its ever growing capabilities, there has been more and more concern with the stealing of intellectual and copyrighted property. Copyright material is growing very week in that any artist, producer, author etc. is losing control over the selling of their own music, movies, books, etc. Piracy online is ubiquitous, and how it is going to be addressed or regulated brings up very interesting discussions. Right now, in the United States at least, there is little to no regulation on the internet. It is a free world where you can upload whatever you want and download whatever you find, and any talk of taking this freedom away raises large concern. There has been a lot of public opinion on two recent legislative actions: SOPA and PIPA. SOPA, which is the Stop Online Piracy Act, was introduced in the House of Representatives and PIPA, which is the Protect Intellectual Property Act, was introduced in the Senate. And many groups have come against the idea of censorship, one group in particular: Anonymous, is professional at opposing any form of government censorship on the web.

Primarily, both bills attempt to address the same issue: intellectual material is being stolen by the minute and copyright material is becoming very ambiguous. However, as the case is with any government involvement, it may be that in the attempt to do some good (i.e. protect intellectual property), the government may do a lot of harm (i.e. censorship rather than addressing the real issue). Whatever may be the outcome, online piracy is very prevalent but having to address the concern should not be a prominent issue. There is a large force of people that are against such regulation, and it is an issue that should be discussed further and looked into so as to address piracy but avoid censorship.

Week 7, SOPA and PROTECT IP

I really feel that this huge push to stop piracy originally came from the private sector. Huge Hollywood companies lose millions every year on their movies and music. We have to face it: Money talks. Lobbyists from large companies have gotten their points across and are getting their way. Unfortunately, censorship has come into the spotlight out of all this anti-piracy mess. PROTECT IP and SOPA further complicate the matter with their legal actions. Like what most research says, this legislation will not accomplish much against pirating. What will come out of this is the abuse of legal action against ANY website in America. For simply having a link that a guest may have posted on your page, the Attorney General will summon you to immediately remove the link. If the offense happens again, your site can be seized. I understand where the government is coming from here, they want to protect the rights of those who rightfully own something, but PROTECT IP and SOPA are not going to quite make this a reality. All foreign sites still can have all the pirated information they want, it will just be inaccessible from the U.S. More concrete definitions of foreign and domestic sites is needed and regulations for the abuse of the laws are needed. Without further modification to the current bills in congress, I think the internet stands a lot to lose. And it is not just the internet, it is the people, the entire United States that will suffer. This will obstruct the production of new websites and business because serious legal counsel will be needed for anyone that operates a website because the Attorney General has the right to seize or censor their site at any time. I do not see this solving anything against piracy in the world today.

Week 7 – Copyright Laws

SOPA which means (Stop Online Privacy Act) is a bill introduced in congress to help the government fight against piracy and against illegal sharing of copyrighted materials. PIPA or the Protect IP Act is law, which would allow the US government to shut down access to websites that they deem are sharing copyrighted materials and have more regulations to shut down foreign IP, addressed websites. If these Acts pass though congress than the internet would have many regulations and censorships. The government can make Google and other search engines remove links to foreign websites such as reddit and the bbc. Also the government can make service producers such as Comcast blacklist foreign websites which means the general public would have no way to access these websites. I feel as if these acts would pass than the U.S. government would control the Internet such as the way China does. Which means news can even be controlled and what the general public sees. Also SOPA and PIPA contain no provision to actually get rid of copyrighted material on the Web but rather just censor the websites that host the material. Thus no matter what people one way or another will figure out to access the censored websites, which means these acts will not really do anything helpful. I believe the on going cyber wars between countries is causing the U.S. to implement these new regulations that gives the government complete access to the Web. Also due to p2p technology and the increasing use of it to download illegal music is another reason why the government wants to regulate the Web more.

I believe if these acts get passed than the Web we currently used will not be the same. I can see many of the news articles criticizing the government getting censored such as articles about the occupy Wall Street movement. Also I believe these regulations will finally allow service providers to control what we can access on the Web. Such as Comcast wants to try to limit how much bandwidth Netflix and other video applications can use on their network. Thus internet service providers will be able to control what we use the internet for too and I do not see his being helpful at all. These new acts will take away the freedom that the Web currently enjoys right now.

Week 7

SOPA is the Stop Online Piracy Act. It gives the Attorney General the power to take action against a foreign copyright infringing sit if the site is US directed. The court ordered action requires all US sites and search engines to remove links to that site, advertising services, payment networks and for service providers to block customer access to those sites. Search engines need to monitor for links to the site even after the original removal date so that they do not just return the next day. PIPA or PROTECT IP is the Preventing Real Online Threats to Economic Creativity and Theft of Intellectual Property Act of 2011. It gives the Attorney General the same power to take action but only if the site is used or designed as a means for engaging in, enabling, or facilitating the activities of copyright infringement. Anonymous is a hacktivist group that opposes Internet censorship.

This issue became a big deal because this legislation is being fought by the sits people spend a lot of time on. Some sites even participated in a 24 hour blackout in protest.  Google showed its opinion with a protest doodle and message: “Tell Congress: Please don’t censor the web.” The legislation is being pushed by large companies and lobbyist and being protested by internet companies. These issues do seem prominent although in my opinion the real problem is the system that proposed the laws in the first place.

“Up to this point, reddit and sites like it have been required to remove specific copyrighted content if presented with a properly filled out DMCA takedown request. The notices are required to indicate exactly what pages the content is on, and to prove that they are indeed the owners of the content. SOPA and PROTECT IP contain no provisions to actually remove copyrighted content, but rather focus on the censorship of links to entire domains.” The ramifications of this seem to be that the web will became highly censored and controlled by a corrupt system.